MDS Subjects of Study

Master of Dental Surgery (M.D.S)

Period of Training:

The courses shall be of three years duration.

All the candidates for the degree of MDS are required to pursue the prescribed course for at least three academic years course as full time candidates in a BDS recognised and MDS approved/recognised Institution under the direction of the Head of the Department, who has to be a recognized postgraduate teacher in that speciality.

The students undergoing postgraduate courses shall be exposed to the following:-

  • Basics of statistics to understand and critically evaluate published research papers.
  • Few lectures on other type of exposure to human behaviour studies.
  • Basic understanding of pharmaco-economics.
  • Introduction to the non-linear mathematics.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES OF THE CURRICULUM

GOALS:

The goals of post graduate training in various specialities is to train BDS graduate who will –

  • Practice respective speciality efficiently and effectively, backed by scientific knowledge and skill.
  • Exercise empathy and caring attitude and maintain high ethical standards.
  • Continue to evince keen interest in continuing professional education in the speciality and allied specialities irrespective of whether in teaching of practice.
  • Willing to share the knowledge and skills with any learner, junior or a colleague.
  • To develop the faculty for critical analysis and evaluation of various concepts and views, to adopt the most rational approach

OBJECTIVES:

 The objective is to train a candidate so as to ensure higher competence in both general and special area of interest and prepare him for a career in teaching, research and speciality practice. A candidate must achieve a high degree of clinical proficiency in the subject matter and develop competence in research and its methodology as related to the field concerned.

The above objectives are to be achieved by the time the candidate completes the course. The objectives may be considered as under

  1. knowledge (Cognitive domain)
  2. Skills (Psycho motor domain)
  3. Human values, ethical practice and communication abilities

Knowledge :

  • Demonstrate understanding of basic Sciences relevant to speciality.
  • Describe etiology, pathophysiology, principles of diagnosis and management of common problems within the speciality in adults and children.
  • Identify social, economic, environmental and emotional determinants in a given case and take them into account for planning treatment.
  • Recognise conditions that may be outside the area of speciality/competence and too refer them to an appropriate specialist.
  • Update knowledge by self study and by attending courses, conferences and seminars relevant to speciality.
  • Undertake audit, use information technology and carry out research both basic and clinical with the aim of publishing or presenting the work at various scientific gatherings.

Skills:

  • Take a proper clinical history, examine the patient, perform essential diagnostic procedures and order relevant tests and interpret them to come to a reasonable diagnosis about the condition.
  • Acquire adequate skills and competence in performing various procedures as required in the speciality.

Human values, Ethical practice and Communication abilities:

  • Adopt ethical principles in all aspects of practice.
  • Professional honesty and integrity are to be fostered.
  • Patient care is to be delivered irrespective of social status, caste, creed or religion of the patient.
  • Develop communication skills, in particular and skill to explain various options available in management and to obtain a true informed consent from the patient.
  • Provide leadership and get the best out of his team in a congenial working atmosphere.
  • Apply high moral and ethical standards while carrying out human or animal research.
  • Be humble and accept the limitations in his knowledge and skill and to ask for help from colleagues when needed.
  • Respect patient’s rights and privileges including patient’s right to Information and right to seek a second opinion.

SPECIALITIES FOR THE MDS DEGREE:

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge
  • Periodontology
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics
  • Oral Pathology & Microbiology
  • Public Health Dentistry
  • Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
  • Oral Medicine & Radiology

 

 

DEFINITIONS OF VARIOUS SPECIALITIES:

  1. Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge and Oral Implantology is that branch of Dental Art and Science pertaining to the restoration and maintenance of oral function, health, comfort and appearance by the replacement of missing or lost natural teeth and associated tissues either by fixed or removable artificial substitute.

  1. Periodontology

Periodontology and Oral Implantology is the science dealing with the health and diseases of the investing and supporting structures of the teeth and oral mucous membrane.

  1. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Implantology deals with the diagnosis and surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects of the human jaws and associated oral and facial structures.

  1. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

Conservative Dentistry deals with prevention and treatment of the diseases and injuries of the hard tissues and the pulp of the tooth and associated periapical lesions.

  1. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics

Deal with prevention and correction of oral anomalies and malocclusion and the harmonizing of the structures involved, so that the dental mechanisms will function in a normal way.

  1. Oral Pathology & Microbiology

Oral Pathology deals with the nature of oral diseases, their causes, processes and effects. It relates the clinical manifestation of oral diseases to the physiologic and anatomic changes associated with these diseases.

  1. Public Health Dentistry

Community Dentistry is the science and art of preventing and controlling Dental Diseases and promoting Dental health through organised community efforts.

  1. Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

Deals with prevention and treatment of oral and Dental elements that may occur during childhood

9.    Oral Medicine and Radiology

Oral Medicine is that speciality of dentistry concerned with the basic diagnostic procedures and techniques useful in recognising the diseases of the oral tissues of local and constitutional origin and their medical management.

Radiology is a science dealing with X-rays and their uses in diagnosis and treatment of diseases in relation to orofacial diseases.

 

 

TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES

All the candidates registered for MDS course in various specialities shall pursue the course for a period of three years as full time students. During this period each student shall take part actively in learning and teaching activities designed by the institution/university. The council desires the following teaching and learning activities in each speciality.

  1. Lectures: There shall be some didactic lectures in the speciality and in the allied fields. The postgraduate departments should encourage the guest lectures in the required areas to strengthen the training programs. It is also desirable to have certain integrated lectures by multi disciplinary teams on selected topics.
  2. Journal Club: The journal review meetings shall be held at least once a week. All trainees are expected to participate actively and enter relevant details in log. The trainee should make presentations from the allotted journals of selected articles at least 5 times in a year.
  3. Seminars: The seminars shall be held at least twice a week in each post graduate department. All trainees are expected to participate actively and enter relevant details in log book. Each trainee shall make at least five seminar presentation in each year.
  4. Symposium: It is recommended to hold symposium on topics covering multiple disciplines.
  5. Clinical Postings: Each trainee shall work in the clinics on regular basis to acquire adequate professional skills and competency in managing various cases to be treated by a specialist.
  6. Clinico Pathological Conference: The clinico pathological conferences should be held once in a month involving the faculties of oral medicine and radiology, oral pathology and concern clinical department. The trainees should be encouraged to present the clinical details radiological and histo-pathological interpretations and participation in the discussions.
  7. Inter Departmental Meetings: To bring in more integration among various specialities there shall be interdepartmental meeting chaired by the dean with all heads of postgraduate departments at least once a month.
  8. Teaching skills: All the trainees shall be encouraged to take part in undergraduate teaching program either in the form of lectures or group discussions.
  9. Continuing Dental Education Programmes: Each postgraduate department shall organise these programs on a regular basis involving the other institutions. The trainees shall also be encouraged to attend such programmes conducted elsewhere.
  10. Conferences/ Workshops/ Advanced Courses: The trainees shall be encouraged not only to attend conference/ workshops/ advanced courses but also to present at least two papers at state/national speciality meetings during their training period.
  11. Rotation and Posting in Other Departments: To bring in more integration between the speciality and allied fields each postgraduate department shall work out a program to rotate the trainees in related disciplines.
  12. Dissertation/ Thesis: The council appreciates the importance of research activities for the growth of the profession. Trainees shall prepare a dissertation based on the clinical or experimental work or any other study conducted by them under the supervision of the postgraduate guide.

 

 

SYLLABUS DISTRIBUTION AMONG 4 PAPERS IN VARIOUS SPECIALITIES:

PROSTHODONTICS AND CROWN & BRIDGE

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, physiology, pathology and Dental Materials

Paper-II                                -              Removable Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology

Paper-III              -              Fixed Prosthodontics

Paper-IV              -              Essay

PERIODONTOLOGY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pathology and Pharmacology

Paper-II                                -              Etiopathogenesis

Paper-III              -              Clinical Periodontology and Oral Implantology

Paper-IV              -              Essay

ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology

Paper-II                                -              Minor Oral Surgery and Trauma

Paper-III              -              Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Implantology

Paper-IV              -              Essay

CONSERVATIVE AND ENDODONTICS

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and Dental Materials

Paper-II                                -              Conservative Dentistry & Aesthetic Dentistry

Paper-III              -              Endodontics

Paper-IV              -              Essay

ORTHODONTICS & DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPAEDICS

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Genetics Physical Anthropology &

Dental Material

Paper-II                                -              Diagnosis and Treatment Planning

Paper-III              -              Clinical Orthodontics and Mechanotherapy

Paper-IV              -              Essay

ORAL PATHOLOGY & MICROBIOLOGY AND FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and Research Methodology

Paper-II                                -              Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Oncology

Paper-III              -              Laboratory Techniques and Diagnosis

Paper-IV              -              Essay

PUBLIC HEALTH DENTISTRY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology & Research Methodology

Paper-II                                -              Public Health

Paper-III              -              Dental Public Health

Paper-IV              -              Essay

PAEDIATRIC & PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Microbiology, Nutrition and Dietics

Paper-II                                -              Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Paper-III              -              Preventive and Community Dentistry as applied to Pediatric Dentistry

Paper-IV              -              Essay

ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY

Paper-I                 -              Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and Pharmacology.

Paper-II                                -              Diagnosis, Diagnostic Methods and Imageology and Applied Oral Pathology

Paper-III              -              Oral medicine, Therapeutics and Laboratory Investigations

Paper-IV              -              Essay